Autism is a communication and social disorder that affects how a person makes sense of the world around them and how they interact with others
Autism is more common than you think. There are approximately 700,000 people in the UK that are on the autistic spectrum and while there is not a cure, the right support at the right time can make a huge difference to someone's life.
People with autism have difficulties in three main areas, known as the Triad of Impairment: Socialisation, Communication and Inflexibility of Thought. They can also have problems in other areas, such as sensory issues. Most children would have followed a normal development pattern but perhaps with some speech delay and then behaviours, communication, play, etc. would have started to regress around the age of 2. In most cases they will have a below average IQ.
It is a spectrum condition, which means that, while all people with autism share certain difficulties, their condition will affect them in different ways. Some people with autism are able to live relatively independent lives but others may have accompanying learning difficulties and a lifetime of specialist support.
Autism is part of the autism spectrum and is sometimes referred to as an Autism Spectrum Disorder, or ASD.
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