From transition and social time changes, to difficulty chatting with their peers, many things can raise anxiety in those with Autism
People with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can be anxious from a very early age due to not understanding the social and communication rules of society. They can find social situations confusing as they do not understand how to behave appropriately; they may not know what to say; they may have problems understanding social rules and will not necessarily learn these things intuitively. This can lead to their anxieties rising which in turn can result in negative behaviours being exhibited of a withdrawal from activities and in some extreme cases, life in general.
People with ASD can benefit from structure and predictability in their daily routines and this can help lower their anxiety levels because they know what is happening next, how long it will last, or where they will have to go. Having an end time/closure is very important. Unlimited free time can be traumatic if they have difficulty in self-occupation skills and this alongside their problems with social and communication skills can cause them huge anxieties.
Many people with ASD feel anxious about certain situations but they need to learn how to deal with anxiety appropriately. People with ASD may not know how to manage and control their anxiety, or how to get their worries into perspective, so many need to be given some ideas for strategies to do this. They may also have problems remembering or processing verbal language so it may be helpful to write down some reminders and/or pointers with them.
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